State Bank of Pakistan: Overview, Functions & Future

History of State Bank of Pakistan

At the time of Partition, the new state was without a central bank and a proper banking system was almost non-existent. Most of the banks had their head offices in India. Out of 3,496 branches of the right banks, only 631 were situated in Pakistan.

To complete the picture of despair, the entire banking structure was dominated by Hindus. With the announcement of the Partition Plan of June 3, 1947, the Hindus started to withdraw their deposits from the banks located in Pakistan. As a result, many banks had to close down their operations.

State-Bank-Pakistan Building Front Photo

Since Pakistan had no central bank of its own, it was decided to assign the monetary operations of the new state to the Reserve Bank of India for a period of one year till September 30, 1948. However, it was soon realized that if this situation continued for too long, the country’s interests would be hurt. Therefore, the State Bank of Pakistan Order was issued on May 12, 1948, and Pakistan Order, 1947 was amended according to which the Reserve Bank of India was to stop functioning in Pakistan on June 30, 1948, with the new central bank taking over on the next day.

At the time of its formation, the State Bank of Pakistan neither had any building for housing its offices nor was there sufficient time for purchase and construction of new premises. Therefore, Victoria Museum Building at the chimney Road was rented from the Karachi Municipal Corporation and swiftly update. Banking Pk was started on July 1, 1948, by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who thus observed the teaching principles of the newly created central bank.

“I need hardly develop on the important role that the State Bank will have to play in regulating the economic life of our country. The monetary policy of Banking Pk will have a direct bearing on our trade and commerce, both inside Pakistan as well as with the outside world and it is only to be desired that your policy should.

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What Is State Bank Of Pakistan


The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) is the central bank of Pakistan. It controls the country’s money supply and oversees the banking system. SBP ensures the economy runs smoothly by managing the country’s currency and interest rates.

SBP plays a crucial role in Pakistan’s financial system. It keeps prices stable, supports economic growth, and regulates banks to keep people’s money safe. SBP also helps the government with its financial plans.

History of the State Bank of Pakistan

The State Bank of Pakistan was established on July 1, 1948. Since then, it has grown and adapted to meet the changing needs of Pakistan’s economy. SBP has been at the forefront of financial reforms and development.

Over the years, SBP has achieved several milestones. It introduced new currency notes, implemented modern banking technologies, and played a key role in stabilizing the economy during challenging times.

Functions of the State Bank of Pakistan

SBP creates and carries out monetary policy to control inflation and support economic growth. It adjusts interest rates and takes other steps to manage the money supply.

Regulation and supervision of the banking sector:

SBP oversees banks and financial institutions to ensure they operate safely and fairly. It sets rules and guidelines to protect consumers and maintain trust in the banking system.

Management of foreign exchange reserves:

SBP manages Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves to ensure the country can pay for its international transactions and maintain a stable exchange rate.

SBP is responsible for issuing and regulating the Pakistani rupee. It ensures there is enough currency in circulation and works to prevent counterfeiting.

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Role in Economic Development

SBP promotes financial inclusion by encouraging banks to reach underserved areas and people. It supports initiatives like mobile banking and microfinance to help more people access financial services.

SBP provides guidance and support to small and medium enterprises, which are vital for job creation and economic growth. It offers programs and policies to help SMEs access financing and grow.

SBP is actively promoting digital banking and fintech to make financial services more accessible and efficient. It supports innovations that can transform the banking sector and improve customer experiences.

Challenges Faced by the State Bank of Pakistan

SBP works to control inflation and manage interest rates to keep the economy stable. Balancing these factors is challenging, especially during economic uncertainties.

SBP aims to maintain a stable exchange rate while supporting economic growth. This involves careful management of foreign exchange reserves and monitoring international economic conditions.

SBP takes measures to address non-performing loans, which can threaten the stability of the banking sector. It works to ensure banks follow prudent lending practices and maintain financial health.

Recent Developments and Future Outlook

SBP has recently implemented policy changes to address economic challenges, such as adjusting interest rates and introducing new banking regulations. These changes aim to strengthen the economy and financial system.

SBP envisions a future where banking is more inclusive, digital, and responsive to the needs of the economy. It is working towards a modern financial system that supports sustainable growth and development.


The State Bank of Pakistan is a key institution that ensures the smooth functioning of the country’s financial system. It plays a vital role in maintaining economic stability and promoting growth.

SBP’s role in Pakistan’s economic landscape is crucial. Its efforts in managing monetary policy, regulating the banking sector, and supporting economic development contribute significantly to the nation’s prosperity.

See also  National Bank Of Pakistan (NBP)


1. Who is the current governor of the State Bank of Pakistan in 2024?

  • The governor of the State Bank of Pakistan in 2024 is Jameel Ahmed who assumed the post from 26 August 2022. This person is responsible for leading the central bank and overseeing its operations.

2. Who controls the State Bank of Pakistan?

  • The State Bank of Pakistan is controlled by its Board of Directors, which is headed by the Governor. The board sets policies and oversees the bank’s activities.

3. Who inaugurated the State Bank of Pakistan?

  • The State Bank of Pakistan was inaugurated by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, on July 1, 1948.

4. What is the State Bank of Pakistan?

  • The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) is the central bank of Pakistan. It regulates the country’s monetary and credit system, manages foreign exchange reserves, and ensures financial stability.

5. When was the State Bank of Pakistan established?

  • The State Bank of Pakistan was established on July 1, 1948, shortly after the independence of Pakistan.
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Tassadaq Ali Editor at Bankingpk
I am Tassadaq Ali: A Seasoned banking specialist skilled in all banking Blogging and information. Always elevating with expertise in business and finance insights. Explore now for top-notch advice on rest days.